Is Turkey Part Of Europe Or Asia? A Detailed Guide

Is Turkey Part Of Europe Or Asia

Turkey is divided into three distinct geographical regions: the Black Sea coastal lowlands, the mountainous interior, and the northern plains. Each region has its unique characteristics that influence how people in Turkey view themselves and the country’s identity. The northern highlands and central Anatolia are commonly referred to as Central Turkey, with the remainder of Turkey referred to as Eastern Turkey or Southern Turkey. The majority of Turks live in Central and Eastern Turkey. Thus, when it comes to answering the question ‘is Turkey part of Europe or Asia?’ it is mainly relevant to those living in Central and Eastern Turkey. However, given that many countries have made similar geo-political statements about their borders with other countries, it is probably best not to get too bogged down in these details. Instead, let’s look at some key facts about geographic location and see how they influence where you should look for answers to your question ‘is Turkey part of Europe or Asia?’

Is Turkey Part Of Europe Or Asia?

Turkey is considered to be a part of both Europe and Asia. It is geographically located on both continents, and it has been politically affiliated with the European Union (EU) since 1999. However, Turkey’s economy and culture are more closely linked with Asia than with Europe.

The History Of Turkey

  1. Turkey has a rich and varied history. The modern nation of Turkey was founded in 1923 after the fall of the Ottoman Empire. It is located on the Anatolian peninsula, which forms part of both Asia and Europe. Archaeological evidence suggests that the region has been inhabited since Neolithic times and was home to some of the world’s earliest civilizations.
  2. The Hittites, Greeks, and Romans all had a presence in Turkey at various points in its history. During the Ottoman Empire, which lasted from 1299-1922, the country flourished as one of the most powerful states in the world. This period saw major advancements in areas such as art, architecture, and literature, as well as the introduction of many new trade networks.
  3. During the early 20th Century, the Ottoman Empire experienced a period of rapid decline and was eventually abolished in 1923 by Mustafa Kemal Ataturk following his victory in the Turkish War of Independence. This ushered in an era of modernization and reform that aimed to bring Turkey into line with the nations of Europe.
  4. In recent times, Turkey has become a major hub for business and trade between East and West. It is also an increasingly popular tourist destination, thanks to its rich culture, diverse landscapes, and wealth of historical sites. As it continues to develop and expand in the 21st Century, Turkey is sure to remain one of the most influential countries in the Middle East and beyond.
  5. Turkey’s history is long and complex, but it has always had a major impact on the world. From its emergence as one of the first civilizations to its current status as a thriving nation, Turkey remains an important part of the global landscape.  Its past continues to shape the present and will no doubt influence its future for years to come. 
  6. Turkey has experienced several significant events, wars, and cultural changes throughout its history. From the collapse of the Ottoman Empire to its emergence as a modern nation in 1923, Turkey has had an interesting and unpredictable journey. Its past is integral to understanding the country today, making it an invaluable resource for anyone who wants to learn more about this fascinating region.  Understanding Turkey’s history is essential to appreciating the nation and its people in the 21st Century.
  7. The history of Turkey is a complex one, but it has always been an integral part of world history. Its development over the last century has seen it evolve from an ancient empire into a vibrant and modern nation with considerable influence. As the country continues to experience change and growth, its past will continue to shape its present and future. It is an incredibly important part of world history, making it a fascinating subject for anyone interested in learning more about this region of the world.  Turkey’s history is full of surprises, making it an engaging and rewarding area of study. 

Where In Turkey Is It Part Of Europe Or Asia?

  1. Turkey has been a bridge between East and West for centuries. The city of Istanbul is historically referred to as the “gateway between Europe and Asia” due to its geographical location at the entrance of the Bosporus Strait, which links the Black Sea in the North with the Marmara Sea in the South.
  2. Technically, Turkey is located in both the continents of Europe and Asia, split across two separate land masses. Approximately 97% of Turkey’s territory is found in the continent of Asia, while the remaining 3% is situated in Europe. The majority of its population, however, lives in European Turkey as opposed to Asian Turkey.
  3. Both sides of Turkey feature unique landscapes, cultures, and experiences. In European Turkey, you’ll find cosmopolitan cities such as Istanbul, Izmir, and Ankara filled with art galleries, bustling markets, and modern attractions. On the other hand, Asian Turkey is a classic countryside charm where visitors can explore archaeological sites, picturesque villages, and mountainous hiking trails.
  4. Whether you choose to experience both sides of Turkey or just one, you’re sure to find something unique and special in this fascinating country. From the ancient ruins of Troy to the grand bazaars of Istanbul, a trip to Turkey is sure to be a memorable journey.
  5. Regardless of the continent, Turkey manages to amaze with its mix of old and new. No matter what side of the world you choose to explore, one thing’s for sure – you’ll never run out of things to do in this incredible country. Enjoy!
  6. Ultimately, Turkey is an incredible country that spans both Europe and Asia. With a wealth of unique experiences to be had on both sides of the continent, it’s no wonder why so many people are drawn to this beautiful land. Whether you choose to explore the historical sights or just soak up the diverse culture, a trip to Turkey will certainly provide plenty of unforgettable memories.

Why Does The Issue Matter?

  1. The issue of climate change is a priority for many people as it directly impacts their livelihoods, communities, and the environment. It can cause extreme weather events such as droughts, floods, and storms, which can damage homes, crops, and infrastructure. It also contributes to rising sea levels that could submerge coastal areas and island nations.
  2. Climate change is also linked to several public health problems due to its impact on air, water sources, and ecosystems. It can lead to an increase in vector-borne diseases such as malaria and dengue fever, and respiratory illnesses associated with air pollution exacerbated by climate change.
  3. Climate change is a global challenge that requires a collaborative effort from nations around the world to find solutions. Without action now, the effects of climate change are expected to become increasingly severe, with potentially catastrophic consequences for humanity and the planet. Therefore, we must take urgent steps toward addressing this issue and preventing further damage.
  4. Understanding why climate change matters can help inspire people to take action against it. It is important to not only raise awareness about the issue but also work together to find solutions and mitigate its effects. This could include reducing carbon emissions, investing in renewable energy sources, increasing public transportation, and promoting sustainable agriculture practices. Taking these steps can help protect our environment and create a better future for generations to come.
  5. Climate change is an issue that affects everyone, and individuals must do their part in finding solutions. Taking small steps such as reducing your energy consumption, recycling, and advocating for environmental policies can make a difference in the long run. By understanding why climate change matters and doing our part to address this issue, we can help create a safer and more sustainable future.


Before you can figure out what to say in a Turkish interview, or even how to begin the search for answers, you need to have a basic understanding of the geography and geology of Turkey to get you started. As we have seen throughout this article, the topography of Turkey plays a huge role in the identity of the people who live there. They have been making it clear for centuries that they are diverse people with unique identities, and this topography is a huge part of that identity.

Douglas Underwood

Douglas Underwood is a freelance news writer who specializes in writing about current events and politics. He has a degree in journalism from the University of Missouri and has been working as a journalist for the past five years. He is an avid reader and loves spending his free time exploring new places.